This causes a teen to feel in a funk when not under the infuence -- and going back for more only makes things worse. Coping and life-skills While teens are undergoing a massive growth spurt, using drugs and alcohol may disrupt their brain development in unhealthy ways, making it harder for them to cope with social situations and the normal pressures of life. The parts of the adolescent brain that develop first are those that control physical activity, emotion and motivation, in the back of the brain in the cerebellum, amygdala, and nucleus accumbens respectively. However, the part of the brain that controls reasoning and impulses — known as the prefrontal cortex — is near the front of the brain and, therefore, develops last. This part of the brain does not fully mature until the age of
Brain Development, Teen Behavior and Preventing Drug Use
Between school, studying, friends, and even part-time jobs, they're juggling a lot of interests and responsibilities. So they might just need a little encouragement to keep it going during the teen years. Immediate benefits include maintaining a healthy weight , feeling more energetic, and promoting a better outlook. Participating in team and individual sports can boost self-confidence, provide chances for social interaction, and offer a chance to have fun. And regular physical activity can help prevent heart disease, diabetes, and other medical problems later in life. Fitness in the Teen Years It's recommended that teens get at least 1 hour of physical activity on most, preferably all, days of the week.